This post contains some notes I want to remember when installing Arch Linux.
The official Arch Linux can be downloaded from https://www.archlinux.org/download/. If you are new to Arch Linux, it is better to install Anarchy-Linux. The installation guide can be found at https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/installation_guide. Here, I describe how I install Arch Linux to my ASUS X44H laptop.
I download the latest ISO from https://www.archlinux.org/download/ and create a live USB with that iso file.
In a Linux system, you can use the
I have the default console keymap (i.e., US), so I do not need to re-configure the keyboard layout. To list all available layouts, use
To set a layout, use
To verify if your computer supports UEFI, use
If the directory does not exist, your computer does not support UEFI. In fact, my computer supports BIOS boot mode.
If you connect to the internet using wired network devices (as I do) then you can verify the connection (which is enabled on boot by the installation image) using
See this page for more details on how to configure a network connection.
Use the command
to ensure the system clock is accurate.
fdisk -l lists all available storage devices and its partitions.
Suppose that I install the system in
To create/delete/re-size a partition in a storage device, I use cfdisk (DOS partition tables).
I created three partitions for
/home, and swap.
It is recommended that if you have less than 1GB RAM then you should spend 1GB for swap, if you have 2-4GB RAM then you should spend half of the size of RAM for swap, and otherwise you should spend 2GB for swap.
To format a partition, use the command
mkfs.filsystem_type /dev/sdax, here
filesystem_type can be
jfs, etc., and
/dev/sdax is the partiton number.
You should also format and enable the swap partition with the
/mnt/homefor mounting the home partition (mount point
/mnt/windowsdirectory for mounting the partition.
fstab file defines how disk partitions, block devices or remote file systems are mounted into the filesystem.
-U indicates defining by UUID.
To define by labels, use option
en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8 and other needed localizations in
/etc/locale.gen, and generate them with:
LANG variable in
/etc/locale.conf accordingly, for example
and matching entries to
/etc/mkinitcpio.conf by changing
and recreate the initramfs image with
If you get the warning
then simply install the
aic94xx-firmware packages and run
mkinitcpio -p linux again.
To change root password, use
To create a new user, use
See this page for more details.
My ASUS laptop has Intel(R) Pentium(R) CPU B950 @ 2.10GHz (use
cat /proc/cpuinfo to show CPU info), so I need to first install
intel-ucode package using
I also have Windows partition, so I need
I also edit
/etc/default/grub by changing
Now, I can run the grub installation using
and finally generate the grub configuration file
Exit the chroot environment by typing
exit or press Ctrl+D.
Unmount all the partitions with
umount -R /mnt.
reboot to restart the system.
Remove the installation media and then login into the new system with the root account.
Download from http://www.freeoffice.com/en/download.
You need to register to get a product key (free of charge).
Let say you download
softmaker-freeoffice-2018-931-amd64.tgz, then the installation steps are
For more information, see this page.
In Arch Linux, users can add and install their favorite packages from AUR, aka Arch User Repository via the pacman package manager.
Since AUR contains about 44,000 packages, for most of them, one need to manually download, check, and install.
This is where packer or yaourt come in handy.
Here is how I install
(The original guide is here).
If you need a GUI, install pamac-aur.
Install the downgrade package using
This package helps you install some previous version of a current package, which is very useful in case of conflicted dependencies.
If you want a specific version of a package, say
netpbm-10.73-1-x86_64.pkg.tar.xz (a dependency for
latex2html), you can go to https://archive.archlinux.org/packages/ to look for the package at https://archive.archlinux.org/packages/n/netpbm and install using
There is no trouble installing Vanilla TeXLive, but I want to add some note: Install texlive-dummy via
yaourt in order to tell
pacman that you’ve already installed TeXLive.
You can also install TeXLive using
If you use
perl >= 5.26.0, you need a workaround: add
PERL5LIB=$PERL5LIB:.; export PERL5LIB to
The reason is that LaTeX2HTML uses module
cfgcache.pm from the installation directory, but since version
perl no longer includes the current directory in
@INC path (see this page).
To compile and install pdf2htmlEX, I use
20141126-3, together with the pdf2htmlex-git package. One can also install
poppler from source as follows.
If you get the error
and you have
readline >= 7.0.005-1 and
zeromq >= 4.2.2-2 then create symbolic links
When I installed tor-browser (via
yaourt), the following error occurred
To fix this, simply import the missing PGP key, as follows.
A non-exhaustive list of packages I installed are:
JAIST provides two wireless network services with SSIDs
The instruction is for Windows, MacOS X, and Android.
I figure that it can also be used for Arch Linux (and maybe some other Linux distribution).
Basically, the wifi security information for accessing these wifi SSIDs (I use NetworkManager for managing network connection) is as follows.
Security type : WPA & WPA2 Enterprise
Authentication : TLS
Identity : [Your JAIST account]@jaist.ac.jp (for students, sXXXXXXX@jaist.ac.jp)
Domain : [Leave it empty]
CA certificate : Use the file
/etc/ssl/ca-certificates.crt (make sure that the package ca-certificates-utils is installed)
User certificate : Use the digital certificate provided from JAIST
User private key : Use the digital certificate provided from JAIST
User key password : [Your password for reading the provided digital certificate]
Note: Put your digital certificate in some place where the path to it contains no file/folder whose name containing blank space.
To fix this, use the command